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Melasma and its Symptoms

Melasma is a very common skin disorder, especially among pregnant women. 15% to 50% of pregnant women get it. Between 1.5% and 33% of the population may get melasma and it happens more often during a woman’s reproductive years, and rarely happens during puberty. It usually starts between 20 and 40 years of age.

There are two main causes of melasma radiation, whether ultraviolet, visible light, or infrared (heat) light and hormones. Ultraviolet and infrared radiation from the sun are key in making melasma worse.

Melasma primarily develops on the face, usually on areas like Cheeks, Chin, Forehead, Nose and above the upper lip.

Your skin is made up of three layers. The outer layer is the epidermis, the middle is the dermis, and the deepest layer is the subcutis. It’s an organ – the largest organ – and it makes up about one-seventh of your body weight. Your skin is your barricade. It protects your bones, muscles, organs and everything else from the cold, from germs, sunshine, moisture, toxic substances, injury and more. It also helps regulate your body temperature, prevent hydration and feel sensations like the warmth of the stove, the fur on your dog’s belly and the pressure of someone else’s hand holding yours.

Your epidermis contains cells called melanocytes that store and produce a dark color (pigment) known as melanin. In response to light, heat, or ultraviolet radiation or by hormonal stimulation, the melanocytes produce more melanin, and that’s why your skin darkens.

Follow these home remedies regularly to reap all these benefits and cure melasma

-Aloe vera is known to relieve many inflammation issues in the skin. It is highly moisturizing, deeply hydrating, and gentle in nature. Aloe vera has been shown to relieve melasma in pregnant women as well. It works by rehydrating dry skin, penetrating deep into the skin’s layer to nourish it and protect it from the harmful effects of UV exposure.

-Lemon juice helps to treat melasma similar to that of apple cider vinegar. It helps to lighten the skin because it is a bleaching agent. The acidity from lemons can be harsh on the skin and cause irritation that may worsen the melasma. This treatment may be harsh on the skin and cause more harm than good.

-Black tea water can be used as a spot-lightening treatment. The astringent properties of tea soothe and calm inflammatory pigmentation and it is also very moisturizing in nature. Use a cotton ball to dab steeped black tea onto dark patches of melasma on your face. Do this twice a day for the best results.

- Curcumin, the primary compound turmeric is made of, is a popular antioxidant and antimutagenic, and is a powerful anti-inflammatory agent. It provides protection against UV rays and inhibits melanin production in the skin. Curcumin is also known to reduce hyper-pigmentation and when combined with other additives like gram flour and milk, becomes a nourishing scrub or mask for lovers of homemade DIY skin solutions to treat melasma.

- Tomato paste is helpful to treat melasma, caused by sun exposure. Lycopene, a primary compound found in tomatoes, is known to protect the skin from short-term and long-term photodamage caused by UV exposure. A mask made out of tomato paste and olive oil used twice a week can help fade melasma in a gentle way.

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