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Dwajasthamba : Flagpole in Temples

Dwajasthamba,a,Flagpole is erected in the Hindu temple before the Sanctum and after the room immediately,Thirukkadavur.

In some temples it is situated outside the main hall where the Deity is.,Palani

The Devatas are believed to follow us in the temples.

The Dwajasthamba is believed to carry the power of the God in the temple.

The Dwajasthamba is very Holy and all festivals are conducted only after performing Pooja for the Dwajasthamba and a flag is hoisted.

One has to prostrate before the Dwajasthmba and never in between the Dwajasthamba and the Idol.

The number of prostrations also varies and depends on the main deity or custom of the temple architecture. Before visiting the main deity (moolavar) inside generally pradakshina is done with number varying from 1, 3 5, etc. The broad significance of pradakshina in a clock wise direction is: By doing the pradakshina main deity is always in the center and we maintain equidistant from the center. The energy and grace which enters inside the human soul is immeasurable. When you do pradakshina you are faithfully and sincerely winding divinity around you. We are supposed to do the pradakshina of desired numbers and then enter inside to be with main deity. Of course all this is not possible in a temple like Tirupathi or in other crowded temples. In such case one has to be satisfied by doing atmapradakshina.

The top portion of the flag staff has three horizontal perches or three branches pointing towards the Sanctum. It symbolizes righteousness, reputation and propriety or the Trimurtis – Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva.

Initially, it was temporary and was primarily used to indicate the beginning of a festival or other auspicious days and occasions.

Dwajastambham which also symbolizes the spine or Back-Bone. Near the Dwajastambham in case of South Indian temples is the Bali Peetam. Rice and other anointments are offered here by the priests, who then progress to all other presiding deities around the temple and subsequently to the main deity. The significance of Garuda in the Dwajastambham is, that he is waiting eagerly to guide us to the lord.Garuda also removes any sarpadoshas in the body.

The Construction of Dwajasthamba

Garba Gruha Sirahapoktam antaraalam Galamthatha

Ardha Mandapam Hridayasthanam Kuchisthanam Mandapomahan

Medhrasthaneshu Dwajasthambam Praakaram Janjuangeecha

Gopuram Paadayosketha Paadasya Angula Pokthaha

Gopuram Sthupasthatha Yevam Devaalayam angamuchyathe

Viswakaramyam Vaasthu Sastra.

The Ancient scriptures mention that the Temple is not only a home of God but stunningly the form of God Himself, by comparing the structure of the Temple to God as perceived in human form. For this, the Girba-Griha (or womb chamber) is considered to be the Head of God, Mahamandapa the stomach and Gopuram the feet. (Medhrasthaneshu Dwajasthambam – Dwajasthambam is male organ)

2) Dwajasthambam parts and residing devatas:

Panjaratra Agama based:

From top to bottom

Yashti – Indra

Rajju – Anandan

Dwajam – Vihakesanan

Valayam – Vasuki.

Bhedika – Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra

Mani – Lakshmi

Mala – Saraswathi

Padma Madhyam – East (Garuda), South (Pakshirajan), West (Suparnan), North (Vinatasutan)

Pradamavaranam – Sankam, Chakram, Musalam, Katkam, Gadha, Sarngam, Padmam, Vajram

Dwitiyavaranam – Lokabalakas

Mekalai – Mandalatrayam

Dhandakre – Vinatasudam

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