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Important Milestones: By The End Of 5 Years

Babies develop at their own pace, so it's impossible to tell exactly when your child will learn a given skill. The developmental milestones listed below will give you a general idea of the changes you can expect, but don't be alarmed if your own baby's development takes a slightly different course.

Wants to please friends
Wants to be like her friends
More likely to agree to rules
Likes to sing, dance, and act
Shows more independence and may even visit a next-door neighbor by herself

Emotional Milestones
Aware of gender
Able to distinguish fantasy from reality
Sometimes demanding, sometimes eagerly cooperative

Cognitive Milestones
Can count 10 or more objects
Correctly names at least four colors
Better understands the concept of time
Knows about things used every day in the home (money, food, appliances)

Recalls part of a story
Speaks sentences of more than five words
Uses future tense
Tells longer stories
Says name and address

Stands on one foot for 10 seconds or longer
Hops, somersaults
Swings, climbs
May be able to skip

Hand and Finger Skills
Copies triangle and other shapes
Draws person with body
Prints some letters
Dresses and undresses without help
Uses fork, spoon, and (sometimes) a table knife
Usually cares for own toilet needs

Developmental Health Watch

Alert your child's doctor or nurse if your child displays any of the following signs of possible developmental delay for this age range. Acts extremely fearful or timid
Acts extremely aggressively
Is unable to separate from parents without major protest
Is easily distracted and unable to concentrate on any single activity for more than five minutes
Shows little interest in playing with other children
Refuses to respond to people in general, or responds only superficially
Rarely uses fantasy or imitation in play
Seems unhappy or sad much of the time
Doesn't engage in a variety of activities
Avoids or seems aloof with other children and adults
Doesn't express a wide range of emotions
Has trouble eating, sleeping, or using the toilet
Can't tell the difference between fantasy and reality
Seems unusually passive
Cannot understand two-part commands using prepositions ("Put the doll on the bed, and get the ball under the couch.")
Can't correctly give her first and last name
Doesn't use plurals or past tense properly when speaking
Doesn't talk about her daily activities and experiences
Cannot build a tower of six to eight blocks
Seems uncomfortable holding a crayon
Has trouble taking off clothing
Cannot brush her teeth efficiently
Cannot wash and dry her hands
Experiences a dramatic loss of skills he or she once

Content source: National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities,CDC Act Early Informational Material,From CARING FOR YOUR BABY AND YOUNG CHILD: BIRTH TO AGE 5 by Steven Shelov, Robert E. Hannermann, � 1991, 1993, 1998, 2004 by the American Academy of Pediatrics
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