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Two Major Great Epics Of Ancient India - Mahabharata And Ramayana Page 3....

Ramayana - King Rama's Journey

Ramayana is like the Mahabharata, a Hindu epic but much shorter. Written by the legendary sage Valmiki, it consists of some thousands of couplets divided into seven books. Ramayana focuses on the campaign of King Rama, who is the incarnation of Vishnu.

King Rama takes on a human form to overcome evil and establish virtue. He must free people from the power of the evil Rakshasa and king Ravana. Rama is a respectable person, an example of all virtues.

On his journey, he is no longer helped by the Vedic gods headed by Indra but also by new deities - Kama, Kubera, Kartikeya, Ganga, Lakshmi, Uma.

The wives of Shiva and Vishnu begin to appear. The reader is also introduced to different sacred animals such Sesha (snake), Hanuman (king of monkeys), Jambavat (bear), Garuda (eagle), Jataya (vulture), and Nandi (bull).

Both the Mahabharata and the Ramayana are remarkable Sanskrit epics that are worth reading. These ancient masterworks can be appreciated even by those who are of a different religion.

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